December 12, 1844 Senator Benjamin Tappan of Ohio introduces a bill to establish the Smithsonian Institution. It emphasizes the useful sciences of natural history, chemistry, geology, astronomy and especially, agricultural experiments. The bill provides for the creation of professorships and lecturers, whose duties feature the productive and liberal arts, especially improvements in agriculture, horticulture and rural economy. Final legislation is not passed until August 10, 1846.
Posted: 12 December 2017